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 Verb Tense

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Lora
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PostSubject: Verb Tense   Verb Tense EmptyFri Mar 16, 2012 2:42 pm

Verb Tense

Verb tenses are an attribute of verbs that show time. Remember that verbs are words that show an action or a state of being. So, when we use different verb tenses, we are showing the different times that these actions took place. There are only six tenses for English verbs! You can learn about six tenses! It's not too hard. Three of them are called simple tenses, and three of them are called perfect tenses. One tricky thing is that each of those six tenses can be made progressive, so it almost seems like there are 12 tenses. But those progressive forms are not really different verb tenses, they are just different forms of the six verb tenses. You'll learn all about these six tenses here!

Simple Tenses

There are three basic times when verbs can take place: past, present, and future. These are the easy ones to remember. In fact, they are called simple tenses. All English verbs have these three simple tense. Simple present tense verbs show actions that happen regularly or that are permanently happening.

We play football in the backyard.
My niece skips down the road.

Simple past tense verbs are verbs that show actions that took place in the past.

We played football in the backyard.
My niece skipped down the road

Simple future tense verbs are verbs that show actions that have not taken place yet, but that will take place in the future.

We will play football in the backyard.
My niece will skip down the road.

Perfect Tenses

All English verbs also have three perfect verb tenses: present perfect tense, past perfect tense, and future perfect tense. These tenses are pretty cool, I guess, but I'm not sure that I'd call them perfect. Whoever named these guys sure thought highly of them. At any rate, all of these perfect tenses are formed with the helping verbs have, has, had, will and shall and the past participles of the verb. Present perfect tense verbs show an action that was finished recently or one that that was completed at an indefinite time in the past. These use has or have.

We have played football.
My niece has skipped down the road.

Past perfect tense verbs show an action that that came directly before another action in the past. These use had.

We had played football.
My niece had skipped down the road before I came.

Future perfect tense verbs show an action that will happen before another future action happens. These use will have and shall have.

By tomorrow, we will have played football.
By noon, my niece will have skipped down the road.

Progressive/Continuous Forms

Both simple and perfect verb tenses can also be made into progressive verb forms. Sometimes they are also called continuous. That just means that they show an action that is in progress or that is continuing. To form this type of verb, you add one of the forms of the verb be with the present participle of the verb. (The present participle ends in ing.)

We are playing. (present progressive)
We were playing. (past progressive)
We will be playing. (future progressive)
We have been playing. (present perfect progressive)
We had been playing. (past perfect progressive)
We will have been playing. (future perfect progressive)

Regular Verbs

These are not a different verb tense, but they are an important thing to learn about. You will often hear about regular verbs, so you might as well learn about them! Verbs that add d or ed to their present form to form the past tense are regular verbs. Here are some sentences with regular verbs. Notice that they end in d or ed.

The dog jumped toward the squirrel.
We all noticed the stain on his shirt.
My grandmother knitted me this scarf.

Irregular Verbs

Again, irregular verbs are not a different verb tense, but they are an important topic when it comes to studying verbs. The word irregular means not regular, so irregular verbs are those that have unpredictable forms in the past tense. They don't add d or ed to their present form to form the past tense are irregular verbs. Here are some sentences with irregular verbs written in the past tense. Notice that they don't end in d or ed.

I ate my vegetables.
We swam across the lake.
My mother read me a bedtime story.

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PostSubject: Re: Verb Tense   Verb Tense EmptyFri Mar 16, 2012 2:50 pm

Verb Tense Quiz

1. Next August, Bob and Sue _______ for 10 years.


are married

have been married

will have been married

will marry
2. Listen! _______


Does the phone ring?

Is the phone ringing?

Has the phone been ringing?

Was the phone ringing?

3. No, I _______ that movie yet.


don't see

hadn't seen

am not seeing

haven't seen

4. He _______ to Chicago just a few months ago.


has moved

had moved

would move

moved

5. Thanks a lot, but you _______ me a birthday present!


didn't have to give

hadn't given

must not have given

couldn't give

6. I wish I could help you, but I _______ his phone number.


didn't know

haven't known

couldn't know

don't know

7. When your plane _______ , please call me.


will arrive

arrives

arrived

will have arrived

8. _______ in the hospital since last Thursday.


He was

He's been

He's

He'd been

9. No, _______ a good time at this party. Let's leave!


I'm not having

I don't have

I won't be having

I didn't have


10. What's wrong with Tony? _______ very stressed and nervous
lately.


He's being

He'll have been

He must've been

He's been

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Verb Tense Empty
PostSubject: Re: Verb Tense   Verb Tense EmptyFri Mar 16, 2012 3:00 pm

Answers

1. Next August, Bob and Sue _______ for 10 years.

Will have been married.

2. Listen! _______

Is the phone ringing?

3. No, I _______ that movie yet.

haven't seen

4. He _______ to Chicago just a few months ago.

moved

5. Thanks a lot, but you _______ me a birthday present!

didn't have to give

6. I wish I could help you, but I _______ his phone number.

don't know

7. When your plane _______ , please call me.

arrives

8. _______ in the hospital since last Thursday.

He's been

9. No, _______ a good time at this party. Let's leave!

I'm not having

10. What's wrong with Tony? _______ very stressed and nervous lately.

He's been

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